During the pregnancy

The woman prepares to breastfeed while she prepares for motherhood. Breastfeeding is one of the important cares for the woman-mother and her baby.

It is very important that women seek information and also discuss breastfeeding with other women, with professionals specializing in breastfeeding and others. She should be careful because the experience with breastfeeding is often different among women. Some go through initial difficulties, while others don´t find any problems.

Breastfeeding is very influenced by the emotional status of women and the society in which she lives in. Therefore, the support of partner, family, health professionals, at last, the whole society is essential for breastfeeding occurs without complications.

A gravidez é um período essencial para a reprodução humana e traz fortes emoções durante todo o seu processo. Para garantir uma gestação tranquila e a segurança do bebê, é fundamental que a futura mãe tome cuidados especiais.

Fazer o acompanhamento pré-natal e adotar um estilo de vida saudável, evitando o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e cigarros, são algumas dessas práticas.

As the baby grows in the womb, several questions arise about breastfeeding: how to prepare for this step? Is there anything I can do to prepare my breasts? What bra should I use? Will my breasts increase to much in size? There are special creams that prevent the cracks? My mother says she had a low milk production, will I be able to breastfeed my baby? This space aims to bring some answers to these concerns. We are at your disposal to other issues that may arise.

One of the most frequently asked questions is referred to the preparation of the breasts for breastfeeding during pregnancy. There are ways to be properly prepared for breastfeeding. However, nothing much different than you ever did before pregnancy:

- Wash the breast with water only: her breasts and nipples should be washed only with water, without the use of soaps or creams. The nipples have a natural hydration should be maintained during pregnancy. So when soaps or creams used, this moisture is removed, increasing the risk of cracks in the nipples. There are small glands on the areola that produce sebaceous secretion that protect the skin for breastfeeding.

- Wear comfortable bras: during pregnancy, a pregnant woman should wear a comfortable bra, cotton, with long, good support handles, which does not have the support of iron and adjustable closure with regulation, since the breast increases in size.

- It is not necessary to massage or rub your nipples and breast with sponges or towels. We also recommend not to use pumps and nipple protectors.

The best preparation for breastfeeding is the participation in groups or breastfeeding courses for pregnant women. Look for information on any nearest  HMB to your residence about the days and times of educational groups of breastfeeding for pregnant women.

Another constant doubt in pregnancy refers to the nipples format. It is important to know that there are different types of nipples, as shown in the image below. However, the format slightly interfere in breastfeeding, because the baby needs to grab the areola, not the nipple.

Normal nipple or protruded

Normal nipple or protruded - Amamentação gemelar

Flat nipple

Inverted or pseudoinverted nipple

Note that even mothers with inverted nipples or plans can successfully breastfeed, even that may arise some difficulties in the beginning.

Another important issue that many pregnant women have: Can I breastfeed my other son while pregnant? Yes, you should continue breastfeeding normally. Only in cases where the mother has a history of miscarriage or premature birth, the obstetrician or nurse midwife will evaluate if breastfeeding should be interrupted.

During pregnancy, new hormones circulating in the pregnant woman's body, causing the milk to change a little bit of flavor, and often the older baby stops suckling spontaneously. However, if the child wants to continue breastfeeding should continue. Once the baby is born, the two children can be breastfed, but the priority is always for the newest baby, because he will need more nutrients and protection provided by breast milk.